Contribute to Newsroom and support quality NZ journalism
Mt Eden Corrections Facility in Auckland houses around a third of the country’s remand prisoners. Image: Getty Images
Matthew Scott is a journalist writing on inequality, MIQ and border issues.
While the number of Kiwis in prison is expected to decrease per capita over the next ten years, prison reform advocates are concerned by an increasing reliance on custodial remand
At 7850 people, New Zealand’s prison population is the lowest it’s been since 2008.
In its latest projections for the prison population over the next decade, the Ministry of Justice puts this down to a co-perative justice sector and a move towards therapeutic approaches.
The prison population is expected to rise slightly over the next decade, reaching 8,000 by June 2031. It’s a significantly lower projection than the 14,400 predicted back in 2017.
The report painted a rosy picture for the sentenced prison population, which at 4,900 people is the lowest it has been since 2003 and is expected to decrease over the next decade.
But while this is all good news, prison reform advocates and the Ministry of Justice itself have warned that growing numbers of prisoners in remand may pose a significant issue.
These are the prisoners being held in custody while they await trial or sentencing. Right now, the remand population has decreased from 4,000 at the beginning of the pandemic to just under 3,000 as of November 2021.
These lower numbers are expected to continue in the short-term, but the ministry cautioned that its expected increase over the next decade could be a factor that drives up the total prison population.
Ministry of Justice general manager for sector insights Anton Youngman said delays from Covid-19 and defendants being able to plead guilty later in court cases was contributing to prisoners spending longer in remand.
““The remand population is projected to grow in the long-term as people spend longer in remand,” he said. “Addressing these delays remains a continued focus of the justice sector. A number of initiatives are in place and additional initiatives are being developed.”
Remand is by its very nature supposed to be a temporary, in-between state, with prisoners potentially moving onto a longer prison sentence or having their time already served taken into consideration by the court.
But according to Jordan Anderson, chair of the prison reform charity JustSpeak, the intended temporary nature of custodial remand carries consequences with wide ramifications.
She said rehabilitation was harder to come by for remand prisoners, many of whom could be given community-based alternatives.,
“People on remand don’t have access to programmes and that’s where a lot of the Covid is spreading because of the design of the remand areas of our prisons,” she said. “As a reult, it’s not a safe place for people to be in terms of being rehabilitated as well as in terms of Covid at the moment.”
She said for the remand population to increase in proportion to the entire prison population was “really alarming”.
“Realistically, a lot of people that are on remand could be released, essentially.”
JustSpeak is calling for greater consideration for community-based alternatives to custody, which Anderson said should be a last resort. Instead, she offered ideas such as court-ordered anger management and Alcoholics or Narcotics Anonymous.
“We would like to see community-based alternatives that enable people going through the justice system to access support services that they will need in order to rehabilitate and reintegrate effectively into the community,” she said. “Custodial remand really cuts off their access to whānau, to support services, to any rehabilitation they might have been able to get on the outside.”
And if prison itself is a criminogenic space – a place that breeds further crime down the road – more people in prison becomes its own self-fulfilling prophecy.
“It isolates [prisoners] in a profoundly harmful bubble,” Anderson said.
According to the ministry’s report on the projections, an increase in the remand population could be blamed on a number of factors leading to delays in court appearances, such as increases in the rate of court adjournments, the number of days between hearings due to lack of court resources and more people electing for jury trials, which take longer to complete than judge-alone trials.
Anderson said custodial remand was also used when defendants lacked access to suitable accommodation outside prison, be it due to gang-affiliated family members or a lack of housing in general – reasons she called absurd.
“Because you have nowhere else to go shouldn’t be a reason for someone to be put in prison, that’s not good enough,” she said. “We have nowhere else to send you so we’ll send you to the most expensive housing in the country – that cannot be the solution that New Zealand has to people in need that are tied up in the criminal justice system.”
The justice ministry says a number of initiatives are in place to try and hold back the increasing tide of remand prisoners, with more yet to be announced.
Some of these include a bail services support pilot that helps people apply for bail and adhere to bail conditions and a programme to improve the efficiency of the court system.
Youngman said projecting long-term trends across the justice sector was a challenge, and these projections weren’t an illustration of a future set in stone.
“These projections represent only one possible future, and not the future,” he said. “It’s essential that we understand what will happen under current settings so we can use it as a baseline to measure the success of future changes.”
Help us create a sustainable future for independent local journalism
As New Zealand moves from crisis to recovery mode the need to support local industry has been brought into sharp relief.
As our journalists work to ask the hard questions about our recovery, we also look to you, our readers for support. Reader donations are critical to what we do. If you can help us, please click the button to ensure we can continue to provide quality independent journalism you can trust.
Read and post comments with a
Newsroom Pro subscription.
Subscribe now to start a free
House values are now dropping across most of the country – but this week’s draft changes to bank lending rules could yet slow the fall.
How many cycling disciplines are there in the Olympic Games?
The number of Covid-19 patients in hospital and the number of new ones admitted each day are the key numbers to watch over the next 10 days.
Justice reform leaders praise new scheme to counter the harm and ‘heartbreak’ of reoffending
‘Absurd’ sentencing provisions have jailed some offenders too long, while more serious criminals walk free
Our women’s jails are stark reminders of traumas from the past
The $1.1 billion spent on prison and custodial services this year is not contributing to reduced crime rates – but more people are being imprisoned on remand
Justice advocates say Waikeria Prison should have been mothballed long ago and only systemic change can improve conditions for Māori.
Start your day with a curation
of our top stories in your inbox
With thanks to our partners
Start your day with a curation of
our top stories in your inbox
Contribute to Newsroom and support quality NZ journalism